Population Policies and Economic Development

Book : Population Policies and Economic Development

Author : * --

Language : English

Episode : Population

Published Date : Temmuz 1974

Publisher : Development Economics Department

Document Type : Book

Book No : 6205

INDEX

CHAPTER 1
RECENT DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS AND FUTURE
PROSPECTS
RECENT POPULATION GROWTH FIGURE 1
Mortality trends and prospects Recent Fertility Trends Income and Fertility
Demographic Factors Affecting Fertility Changes in Marital Fertility Population Growth and Urbanization Future Growth Prospects Conclusion
CHAPTER 2
THE EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
Economic Effects of Population Growth Effect of Population Growth on Income
Per Head Population Growth, Investment, and
Employment
Population Growth and Personal Savings The Composition of Expenditure Education Employment The Effects of Population Growth on
Income Distribution
Population, Land, and Natural Resources Conclusions
CHAPTER 3
THE EFFECT OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT ON
FERTILITY
The Demographic Transition Correlates of Recent Fertility Levels The Process of Fertility Decline Age and Incidence of Marriage Marital Fertility
Effect of Infant and Child Mortality Conclusion
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 4 POLICIES TO REDUCE FERTILITY IN DEVELOPING
COUNTRIES
National Policy Positions Abortion
Present Distribution of the Population of the World by Policy Type Growth of Antinatalist Policies International Policies
Worldwide Practice and Expenditure Patterns Conclusion
CHAPTER 5
CHAPTER 6
PERFORMANCE OF FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMS
Measures of Program Performance
Impact on Fertility
Users versus Acceptors
Program Acceptors
Characteristics
Conclusion
INCENTIVES AND DISINCENTIVES FOR FERTILITY
REDUCTION
Incentives to Reduce Marital Fertility Economic Considerations Administrative Considerations Amounts and Conditions of Payment Experience
Incentives for Other Purposes Disincentives Conclusion
CHAPTER 7
THE FAMILY PLANNING DELIVERY SYSTEM
Providing Information and Recruiting Acceptors
Mass Media
Informal Personal Contact
Program Field Staff
The Delivery of Services
Facilities
Characteristics of Management
Program Evaluation
Family Planning and Health Services
The Location of Central Decisionmaking
Health Role of Field Staff
The Postpartum Approach
Conclusions
CHAPTER 8
CONCLUSIONS: THE DESIGN OF POPULATION POLICIES
Population Growth Objectives Effectiveness of Policy Instruments New Programs and Projects
ANNEXES ANNEX A:
THE RELATIONSHIP OF THE SIZE DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME TO FERTILITY, AND THE IMPLICATIONS FOR DEVELOPMENT POLICY
ANNEX B:
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROGRAM INPUTS, SOCIO-ECONOMIC LEVELS AND FAMILY PLANNING PERFORMANCE: A REGRESSION ANALYSIS
ANNEX C: STATISTICAL ANNEX

NOTES

Document of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development International Development Association