The State Of The World's Children 1992
INDEXTHE STATE OF THE WORLD'S CHILDREN 1992
Introduction: Agenda for a new order
The political and economic changes of recent years have made it clear that a new world order is evolving. UNICEF submits ten propositions for the agenda of that new order - from the point of view of a world wide organization which comes into daily contact with some of humanity's most acute problems.
1. Keeping the promise
The 1990 World Summit for Children made a great promise to the children of the 1990s. It was a promise, among other things, to drastically reduce child deaths and child malnutrition, and to ensure that all children have at least a basic education, by the end of the century. That promise must now be kept.
2. First call for children
3. Fewer deaths, fewer births
Protection for the growing minds and bodies of children should have a first call on the resources of the adult world - and children should be able to count on that commitment in good times and in bad.
The effort to protect the lives and the health of millions of the world's children is in synergy with, not opposition to, the effort to slow population growth.
4. Investing in people
Today's consensus on a 'market friendly' approach to development should be accompanied by a corresponding consensus on the need to guarantee basic investments in people and particularly in the health and education of children.
5. Aid and need
Increases in international aid should be based on a sustained and measurable commitment to meeting minimum human needs.
6. The economic environment
Action by the industrialized nations to lighten the burden of debt and to open markets is essential if economic reform in the developing world is to succeed in allowing its people to earn a decent living.
Demilitarization in the developing world, and reduced military spending in the industrialized world, should be linked to increases in the resources available for development and the resolution of common global problems,
8. Setting Africa free
Most of Africa's debts should be forgiven and internal economic reform should be given a chance to succeed by increased external support.
9. The apartheid of gender
A new world order should oppose the apartheid of gender as vigorously as the apartheid of race.
10. Planning births
The well informed planning of births is one of the most effective and least expensive ways of improving the quality of life on earth.
Basic indicators, nutrition, health, education, demographic indicators; economic indicators, women, less populous countries, the rate of progress.