International Labour Organization International Programme For The Elimination Of Child Labour

Book : International Labour Organization International Programme For The Elimination Of Child Labour

Author : * --

Language : Turkish

Episode : Child Labor

Publishing Location : Ankara

ISBN : 975-455-088-3

Published Date : 2005

Publisher : Çalışma ve Sosyal Güvenlik Bakanlığı

Language : Turkish

Document Type : Report

Book No : 5281

INDEX

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction.......................................................................................................................
Chapter 1: Working Children: An Overview................................................
1.1 Introduction.................................................................................................................
1.2 Working Children in Turkey.....................................................................................
1.2.1. Population Distribution by Age............................................................................
1.2.2. Distribution of Economically Active Children by Sector..................................
1.2.3. Gender Dimensions of Child Labour...................................................................
1.2.4. Child Labour and Education.................................................................................
1.2.5 Reasons Why Children Work.................................................................................
1.3. Governmental and non-governmental agencies working against child labour.
1.3.1. Labour Inspection Board.......................................................................................
1.3.1.1. Supervision Policy................................................................................................
1.3.1.2. Project Supervision Methodology.....................................................................
1.3.1.3. Projects Implemented by the LIB......................................................................
1.3.2. Child Labour Unit (CLU)......................................................................................
1.3.3. Ministry of National Education (MONE)...........................................................
1.3.4. Social Services and Child Protection Agency (SHQER)....................................
1.3.5. State Institute of Statistics (SIS).............................................................................
1.3.6. General Directorate of Security............................................................................
1.3.7. Southeastern Anatolia Project (GAP) Regional Development Administration.....
1.3.8. Confederation of Trades and Handicrafts (TESK).............................................
1.3.9. Confederation of Employers' Organisations (TISK).........................................
1.3.10. Trade Union Confederations..............................................................................
1.3.11. Greater Ankara Municipality.............................................................................
1.3.12. Fi§ek Institute.......................................................................................................
1.3.13. Development Foundation of Turkey (TKV).....................................................
1.3.14. Bilkent University................................................................................................
1.3.15. Foundation for Vocational Training and Support to Small Industries (MEKSA).....
1.3.16. Human Resources Development Foundation (IKGV)...................................
1.3.17. Women's Library and Documentation Centre Foundation............................
1.3.18. Foundation of Social Workers............................................................................
1.4. Legislative Framework for Combating Child Labour..........................................
1.4.1. United Nations.......................................................................................................
1.4.2. European Council..................................................................................................
1.4.3. European Union.....................................................................................................
1.4.4. International Labour Organisation......................................................................
1.4.5. Turkish National Legislation................................................................................
Chapter 2: Project Justification, Objectives and Cooperation
2.1. Project Justification.......................................................................................
2.2. Project Objectives..........................................................................................
2.2.2. Target Groups.............................................................................................
2.2.2.1. Primary Target Groups...........................................................................
2.2.2.2. Secondary Target Groups.......................................................................
2.2.3. Strategies.....................................................................................................
2.3. Project Administration/Co-operation........................................................
2.3.1. Protocols with Partner Organizations...........................................................................
2.3.2. Central Steering Committee...........................................................................................
2.3.3. Izmir Provincial Committee for the Prevention of Child Labour (PCPCL)............,
2.3.4. Trade Union Action Committee.....................................................................................
Chapter 3: Socio-Economic Characteristics of Working Children in Izmi Their Families: Baseline Survey Results..........................................
3.1. Introduction..........................................................................................................................
3.2. Characteristics of Working Children.................................................................................
3.2.1. Reasons Children Enter Work.........................................................................................
3.2.2. Ages at which Children Enter Work................................................................................
3.2.3. Number of Workplaces and Reasons for Changing Workplaces.................................
3.2.4. Daily Working Hours........................................................................................................
3.2.5. Size of Workplaces Employing Children.........................................................................
3.2.6. Wages and Other Benefits.................................................................................................
3.2.6.1. Wages ..............................................................................................................................
3.2.6.2. Other Benefits..................................................................................................................
3.2.7. How Children Dispose of their Wages............................................................................,
3.2.8. Difficulties Children Face at the Workplace....................................................................
3.2.8.1. Concept of Heavy Work..................................................................................................
3.2.8.2. Negative Effects of Materials Used.................................................................................
3.2.8.3 Long Working Hours........................................................................................................
3.2.8.4. Negative Treatment from Master Workers and Journeymen.....................................
3.2.8.5. Negative Effects of the Workplace on Children's Health............................................
3.2.9. Leisure Activities of Working Children...........................................................................
3.2.10. Attitude Towards Present Situation and Expectations for the Future........................,
3.2.10.1. Degree of Satisfaction with Present Situation.............................................................
3.2.10.2. Children's Expectations for the Future.........................................................................
3.2.11. Working Children and Education...................................................................................
3.2.11.1. Reasons Working Children Drop out of School.........................................................
3.2.11.2. School Re-enrollment Among Working Children.....................................................
3.2.11.3. School vs. Work...............................................................................................................
3.2.11.4. Families' Attitudes Towards Education........................................................................,
3.2.11.5. Families' Attitudes Towards Child's School Re-enrollment.......................................
3.3. Additional Characteristics of Families of Working Children.............................................
3.3.1. Household Incomes..............................................................................................................
3.3.2. Families Preference for the Occupation of Children........................................................
Chapter 4: Improving Working Conditions and Work Environme in the Target Sectors: Labour Inspector's Observatk Recommendations and Impact.................................................................
4.1 Overview ..................................................................................................................................
4.2, Auto Repair and Maintenance Situation Analysis................................................................
4.2.1. Overview.................................................................................................................................
4.2.2. Workplace Size and Status....................................................................................................
4.2.3. Production Process................................................................................................................
4.2.3.1. Description of Work...........................................................................................................
4.2.3.2. Tools/Equipment................................................................................
4.2.3.3. Inputs (Materials)/Outputs (Products)...........................................
4.2.4. Data Relating to Employees, Including Working Children.............
4.2.4.1. Ages at which Children Start Work................................................
4.2.4.2. Activities in which Children Participate.........................................
4.2.4.3. Children's Perceptions of Difficulties Associated with Work......
4.2.5. Risks .................................................................................................
4.2.5.1 Risks from Working Conditions......................................................
4.2.5.2 Risks from the Work Environment..................................................
4.2.5.3. Risks from Work Relations..............................................................
4.2.6. Recommendations for Reducing/Eliminating Risks.......................
4.2.7. Improvements in Working Conditions and Environments:...........
4.3. Situation Analysis: Garment/Textile Sector.........................................
4.3.1 Overview................................................................................................
4.3.2. Workplace Size and Status..................................................................
4.3.3. Production Process..............................................................................
4.3.3.1. Description of Work.........................................................................
4.3.4.2. Tools/Equipment...............................................................................
4.3.3.3. Inputs (Materials)/Outputs (Products)..........................................
4.3.4. Data Relating to Employees, Including Working Children............
4.3.4.1. Ages at which Children Start Work................................................
4.3.4.2. Activities in which Children Participate........................................
4.3.4.3. Children's Perceptions of Difficulties Associated with Work......
4.3.5. Risks ................................................................................................
4.3.5.1. Risks from Working Conditions.....................................................
4.3.5.2. Risks from the Work Environment.................................................
4.3.5.3. Risks from Work Relations..............................................................
4.3.6. Recommendations for Reducing/Eliminating Risks.......................
4.3.7. Improvements in Working Conditions and Work Environments.
4.4. Situation Analysis: Footwear Sector.....................................................
4.4.1. Overview...............................................................................................
4.4.2. Workplace Size and Status..................................................................
4.4.3. Production Process..............................................................................
4.4.3.1. Description of Work.........................................................................
4.4.3.2. Tools/Equipment...............................................................................
4.4.3.3. Inputs (Materials)/Outputs (Products)..........................................
4.4.4. Data Relating to Employees, Including Working Children............
4.4.4.1. Ages at which Children Start Work................................................
4.4.4.2. Activities in which Children Participate........................................
4.4.4.3. Children's Perceptions of Difficulties Associated with Work......
4.4.5. Risks ................................................................................................
4.4.5.1. Risks from Working Conditions.....................................................
4.4.5.2. Risks from the Work Environment................................................
4.4.5.3. Risks from Work Relations.............................................................
4.4.6. Recommendations for Reducing/Eliminating Risks......................,
4.4.7. Improvements in Working Conditions and Work Environments.
Chapter 5: Izmir Social Support Centre: Providing Services to V
Children and their Families..............................................................
5.1. Establishment and Operation of the SSC......................................................................
5.2. Directing Working Children and their Siblings into Education.................................
5.2.1. Background.....................................................................................................................
5.2.2. Activities..........................................................................................................................
5.2.2.1. Working Children Under 15......................................................................................
5.2.2.2. Working Children Ages 15-18...................................................................................
5.2.2.3. Siblings of Working Children....................................................................................
5.3. Psycho-Social Rehabilitation of Working Children......................................................
5.4. Provision of Health Services to Working Children......................................................
5.5. Monitoring Mechanisms..................................................................................................
5.5.1. Provincial Committee for the Prevention of Child Labour......................................
5.5.2. Workplace Monitoring Committee.............................................................................
5.5.3. Social Support Centre....................................................................................................
5.6. Awareness Raising.............................................................................................................
5.7 Project Activities Targeting Families of Working Children..........................................
5.7.1. Data on families and intra-familial relations of working children..........................
5.7.2. Training for Families.....................................................................................................
5.7.3. Health Services to Families...........................................................................................
5.7.4. Income-Generation Activities for Families................................................................
5.7.4.1. Handicrafts Courses...................................................................................................
5.7.4.2. Job Placement for the Disabled and Ex-Convicts...................................................
5.7.4.3. Vocational Courses with Employment Guarantee.................................................
5.8. Evaluation and Recommendations.................................................................................
5.8.1 Education.........................................................................................................................
5.8.2. Psycho-Social Services...................................................................................................
5.8.3. Health Services...............................................................................................................
5.8.4. Monitoring......................................................................................................................
5.8.5. Awareness Raising..........................................................................................................
5.8.6. Support for Families......................................................................................................
Chapter 6: Conclusion.....................................................................................................
Annex I Tepecik Training Hospital Health Screening Report...........................................,
Bibliography..............................................................................................................................