Documenting discrimination against migrant workers in the labour market

Book : Documenting discrimination against migrant workers in the labour market

Author : * Roger Zegers de Beijl

Language : English

Episode : Turkish Immigration

Publishing Location : Geneva

ISBN : 92-2-111387-6

Published Date : Ocak 2000

Publisher : International Labour Office (ILO)

Document Type : Book

Book No : 2269

INDEX

CONTENTS
Preface
Introduction
Recent migration trends in Europe
Migrants and the labour markets of western Europe Why discrimination is a problem
Moral considerations
Social considerations
Economic considerations
The ILO research project
Organization of the study
A note on terminology
Migrant workers and ethnic minorities
Discrimination
A note on gender
1 The research methodology
Situation testing and other methods of measuring discrimination
Laboratory tests
Attitude surveys
Observation
Interviews with managers
Victimization experiments
Victim surveys
Situation testing
Strengths and limitations of situation testing in comparison with other methods Previous situation testing research
The ILO project: the need for international, comparative research
Documenting discrimination against migrant workers
Potential research variables
Size of establishments
Public and private sectors
Ethnic groups
Gender
Jobs and educational level
Regional concentration of immigrants
Economic variation
Selecting research variables
General description of the technique
Selection and preparation of the testers
The selection procedure
Training
Handling psychological problems
The tests
Finding vacancies
Statistical analysis and sample size
The application process
Which test results represent discrimination?
Supervision
A note on ethical considerations
2 The occurrence of discrimination in Belgium
Immigration and the socio-economic position of migrant and ethnic minority groups
Description of the testing procedure
Presentation of the situation test findings
Results of the sample as a whole
Test findings differentiated by region
Test findings differentiated by economic sector . . .
Test findings differentiated by type of occupation .
Test findings differentiated by type of contact Summary
3 The occurrence of discrimination in Germany
A net immigration country of long standing . . . Description of the testing procedure
Presentation of the situation test findings
Results of the sample as a whole
Test findings differentiated by economic sector . . . Test findings differentiated by type of occupation . Test findings differentiated by size of establishment Summary
4 The occurrence of discrimination in the Netherlands
From a defacto to a de jure net immigration country . . . Description of the testing procedure
Presentation of the situation test findings
Results of the sample as a whole
Test findings differentiated by economic sector . . . Summary
5 The occurrence of discrimination in Spain
A new migrant-receiving country
Description of the testing procedure
Presentation of the situation test findings
Results of the sample as a whole
Test findings differentiated by region
Test findings differentiated by economic sector Characteristics of the establishments offering employment Summary
6 Cross-country analysis of the research findings
The occurrence of discrimination
Regional differences in the occurrence of discrimination
The occurrence of discrimination differentiated by economic sector Discrimination by type of occupation
Discrimination by size of establishment and ownership
Discussion
7 The way forward: Achieving equality for migrant and ethnic minority workers
Legislating against discrimination
Essential elements of anti-discrimination legislation Training in non-discrimination
Essential elements of anti-discrimination training . . Conclusion
Documenting discrimination against migrant workers Bibliography
Figures
1.1 Stages in the application procedure
6.1 Net discrimination by country and by stage
6.2 Net discrimination by economic sector (only findings that met the statistical criteria)
Tables
1.1 Foreign resident population in western Europe, 1950-1990
(in thousands and by percentage of total population)
2.1 Results of situation tests in Belgium by region
2.2 Results of Belgian situation tests: Treatment that is apparently equal but in reality different
23 Results of Belgian situation tests by economic sector
(stages 1, 2, and 3 combined)
2.4 Results of Belgian situation tests by type of occupation
2.5 Results of Belgian situation tests by type of contract
3.1 Results of situation tests in Germany
3.2 Results of German situation tests by economic sector
(stages 1 and 2 combined)
3.3 Results of German situation tests by type of occupation
(service sector only)
3.4 Results of German situation tests by size of establishment
4.1 Results of situation tests in the Netherlands
4.2 Results of Dutch situation tests: Treatment that is
apparently equal but in reality different
4.3 Results of Dutch situation tests by economic sector
5.1 Results of situation tests in Spain by region
5.2 Results of Spanish situation tests: Treatment that is apparently equal but in reality different
5.3 Results of Spanish situation tests by economic sector
6.1 Discrimination in the service sector
6.2 Number of job offers obtained

NOTES

A comparative study of four European countries