Action against Sexual Harassment at Work in Asia and the Pacific

Book : Action against Sexual Harassment at Work in Asia and the Pacific

Author : * Nelien Haspels * Zaitun Mohamed Kasim * Constance Thomas * Deirdre McCann

Language : English

Episode : Women

Publishing Location : Thailand

ISBN : 92-2-112824-5

Published Date : Ocak 2001

Publisher : International Labour Office (ILO)

Document Type : Book

Book No : 2268

INDEX

CONTENTS
PREFACE ........................
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
SUMMARY .......................................................
Introduction ..............................................
Understanding the problem: Key points Highlights of action ...................................
1. INTRODUCTION ...............................................................
2. UNDERSTANDING SEXUAL HARASSMENT AT WORK IN ASIA AND THE PACIFIC ...........................................
2.1 Introduction ......................................................................
Gender relations and sexual harassment...........................
2.2 Attitudes and perceptions towards sexual
harassment .................................................................
Differences in definitions between groups of people
Commonly held beliefs about male and female sexuality Use of culture to justify or deny sexual harassment.........
2.3 What is sexual harassment at work? ...........
Definition of sexual harassment
Types of sexual harassment.....................................
What is 'at work'?.................................................
Working relations with whom?.............................
When is it'sexual assault' and when is it 'sexual
harassment'?
Other forms of violence and gender discrimination at
work.........................................................................
2.4 Effects of sexual harassment .................................
Effects on the individual .............................................
Implications for the enterprise ....................................
Implications for society..............................................

2.5 Start of action against sexual harassment
The shroud of silence: Why few women report sexual harassment ...........................................................
Informal measures..............................................................
Action by women workers' groups and organizations .........
3. INCIDENCE AND SCOPE OF SEXUAL HARASSMENT
AT WORK. .........................................................................
3.1 Profile of women at work .............................................
Feminization of poverty .......................................................
Feminization of employment ................................................
Occupational segregation by sex .........................................
3.2 Incidence of sexual harassment at work ........................
3.3 High-risk sectors and occupations .................................
Education and training institutions...............................
Domestic workers.................................................................
Women migrant workers ..................................................
Occupations or institutions with a preponderance of either sex ..........................................................................
Jobs and/or living conditions with low security ..................
4. LEGAL ACTION AGAINST SEXUAL HARASSMENT
4.1 Action at the international and regional levels .......
4.2 Developments in legislation at the national level
Recent trends .......................................................................
General Definitions, Scope, Duties and Liability .................
Legal basis for sexual harassment protection ......................
4.3 Fair treatment: Responsive procedures and due
process .........................................................................
Initiation of complaints..........................................................
Due process .......................................................................
Establishing confidence in the procedures........................
Proving the case.................................................................
Protection against victimization .........................................
Remedies and sanctions ......................................................

4.4 Implementing mechanisms .
Employer-based mechanisms National administrative bodies
4.5 Key elements in legislation .
5. WORKPLACE POLICIES AND PRACTICAL MEASURES ............ ...
5.1 Prevention is better than cure .....................
5.2 Development and promotion of policies and codes of conduct ..........................................................................
Action by governments.......................................................
Action by employers and their organizations......... ..
Action by workers and their organizations..........................
Tripartite cooperation..........................................................
Application of policies.........................................................
5.3 The content of sexual harassment policies ..................
Definition of sexual harassment.......................................
Third-party harassment...................................................
Sexual harassment of men and same-sex harassment
Definition of workplace .......................................................
Delineation of actors and responsibilities ...........................
5.4 Grievance handling: Redress mechanisms and procedures .........................................................
Complaints procedures ...........................................
Informal procedures ................................................
Formal procedures ..................................................
Sanctions and disciplinary measures ......................
Monitoring and evaluation .......................................
5.5 Information dissemination at workplaces ....
Actions on awareness-raising in the workplace Content of awareness-raising material.............
5.6 Training at workplaces ....................................
Extent of training programmes in the workplace Training content and duration..........................

Action against sexual harassment at work in Asia and the Pacific
Training expertise......
Training methodology Do's of training ...........
Don'ts of training ......
5.7 Counselling and support .....................................
The extent of counselling services and procedures in place................................................................
Counselling and investigation procedures...............
6. FINDINGS AND CONCLUSIONS .........................
6.1 Understanding sexual harassment ....................
Definitions: sexual harassment, work and working relations ..............................................................
Effects ....................................................................
Taking action ..........................................................
6.2 Incidence and scope of sexual harassment at work
6.3 Legal action against sexual harassment .................
Definitions, scope, duties and liability..................
Coverage of sexual harassment in other laws ...................
6.4 Workplace policies and practical measures ...........
Development and promotion of policies and codes of
conduct...........................................................................
Grievance handling: Redress mechanisms and
procedures ................................ ...................................
Good practice in work place policies and practical
measures....................................................................
BIBLIOGRAPHY ..........................................................................
TABLES
1 Women's share of the labour force in percentages............
2 Economic activity rates of men and women in percentages in selected countries in Asia and the Pacific .....................
3 Percentage distribution of the labour force, by sex,
1990/1997 in East, Southeast and South Asia .................