Action aganist child labour

Book : Action aganist child labour

Author : * Nelien Haspels * Michele Jankanish

Language : English

Episode : Child Labor

Publishing Location : Geneva

ISBN : 92-2-110868-6

Published Date : Ocak 2000

Publisher : International Labour Office (ILO)

Document Type : Book

Book No : 2089

INDEX

CONTENTS

PREFACE.................
LIST OF BOXES
LIST OF CHARTS


National policies and programmes
Guy Thijs

INTRODUCTION




1.1
STRATEGIC ACTION AGAINST CHILD LABOUR



The problem ...............................................................................................................
Prevention, removal and rehabilitation ...................................................................
Priority target groups .................................................................................................
Phased and multi-sectoral strategy..........................................................................
1.2 DEVELOPING POLICIES AND PROGRAMMES ON CHILD
LABOUR
Why a policy on child labour? ...................................................................................
Policies, programmes and projects...........................................................................
ILO standards and action through IPEC ................................................................
The first steps in policy and programme formulation............................................
1.3 SETTING PRIORITIES FOR ACTION
Especially vulnerable groups ....................................................................................
Main policy and programme directions ......................................................... .
Direct action and capacity building................................................................. ...
1.4CREATING A BROAD SOCIAL ALLIANCE
Appendix 1.1 Terms of reference for a comprehensive report on child labour .............
Appendix 1.2 Ideas for group work in national planning workshops on child labour
Appendix 1.3 Example of a national plan of action on child labour, Cambodia, 1997
Appendix 1.4 Pointers to project design ....................................................................................
Towards improved legislation
Michele Jankanish

INTRODUCTION




2.1
LEGISLATION AND THE FIGHT AGAINST CHILD LABOUR



2.2
SOURCES OF LAW ON CHILD LABOUR

2.3 INTERNATIONAL LABOUR STANDARDS AND NATIONAL
LEGISLATION
Introduction .........................................................................................................
National policy ......................................................................................................
Coverage of the law (scope of application) .....................................................
General minimum age for admission to employment or work ....................
Minimum age for light work ..........................................................................
Minimum age for hazardous work ......................................................................
Conditions of employment ..............................................................................
Forced labour ........................... ..................................................................
Enforcement......................................................................................................
2.4 NEW INTERNATIONAL LABOUR STANDARDS ON THE
WORST FORMS OF CHILD LABOUR



2.5
OTHER INTERNATIONAL TREATIES



2.6
INITIATIVES TO IMPROVE CHILD LABOUR LEGISLATION



2.7
LESSONS LEARNED




Checklist 2.1 Checklist 2.2 Checklist 2.3 Checklist 2.4 Appendix 2.1 Appendix 2.2 Appendix 2.3
Appendix 2.4 Appendix 2.5
General principles......................................................................... ..
Improving national legislation............................................................................
Legislation on bonded labour...........................................................................
Involving employers' and workers' organizations, and others...................
ILO Conventions on child labour and forced labour (as at 31 July 1999) Minimum ages in ILO Conventions................................................................
Ratification of ILO Conventions on child labour and forced labour (as at 31 August 1999)
Chart of ratifications of ILO Conventions on child labour and forced labour by country (as at 31 August 1999)
Excerpts from selected ILO standards on child labour
Improving the knowledge base on child
labour
Kebebew Ashagrie

INTRODUCTION




3.1
CHILD LABOUR STATISTICS: METHODOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS



Data requirements .......
Survey methodologies
BASIC RESULTS
3.2




Household survey..........
Establishment survey....
Survey of street children The time-use approach...


3.3
RECOMMENDATIONS ON CONDUCTING SURVEYS



Household-based surveys...........................................................................................
Surveys of employers (establishments or enterprises)............................................
Surveys of street children .............................................................................................
3.4 RECOMMENDATIONS FOR INTERVIEWING CHILDREN
Creating the right setting..............................................................................................
3.5 FURTHER RESEARCH
Appendix 3.1 List of detailed variables in child labour surveys...........................................
Bibliography on child labour surveys, statistics and related matters....................................................
4 Alternatives to child labour
Nelien Haspels, Feny de los Angeles-Bautista and Victoria Rialp
INTRODUCTION 4.1 STRATEGIES IN EDUCATION
Educating children about their rights and about child labour issues
Investment in early childhood development programmes ......................................
Increasing access to educations
Improving the quality of formal and non-formal education.................
Non-formal education as an entry, a re-entry or alternative for (former) working children ...........................................................................................................
Approaches to vocational education .......................................................................
4.2 PREVENTION AND REHABILITATION PROGRAMMES
FOR CHILDREN FROM ESPECIALLY VULNERABLE GROUPS
Child victims of bondage, commercial sexual exploitation and trafficking ..........
Girls ...............................................................................................................................
A Children living and working on the streets................................................................
Children of indigenous groups and other minorities ...............................................
4.3 EDUCATION PROGRAMMES AND INCOME OPPORTUNITIES
FOR PARENTS_____________________________
4.4 WORKPLACE AND COMMUNITY MONITORING_________
4.5 LESSONS FROM EXPERIENCE: PLANNING ACTION
PROGRAMMES
Identifying priority target groups .............................................................................
Concerted action..........................................................................................................
Setting programme objectives...................................................................................
Checklist 4.1 Identifying target groups and selecting children............................................
Checklist 4.2 Planning vocational skills training programmes ...........................................
Checklist 4.3 Measuring the impact of action programmes.................................................

5 Strategies to address child slavery
Michel Bonnet, Hirak Ghosh, Victoria Rialp and Pin Boonpala
5.1 THE PROBLEM OF CHILD SLAVERY
The nature of the problem ......................................................................
The extent of the problem ......................................................................
5.2 INTERNATIONAL ACTION AGAINST CHILD SLAVERY
International Labour Organization ............................................................
United Nations...................................................................................... .....
5.3 NATIONAL LEGISLATION AND ENFORCEMENT
Legislation prohibiting forced and bonded labour........................
Problems in enforcement.................................................................
5.4 ACTION AT THE NATIONAL LEVEL
Preventing child slavery..............................
Action against slave owners......................
Targeting children in bondage..................
Integrated action to address child slavery.
5.5 DEVELOPING COMPREHENSIVE PROGRAMMES OF ACTION
Strategy for action against child bondage................................................................
Strategy for action against child trafficking and the commercial sexual exploitation of children..............................................................................................
Bibliography on child slavery...........................................................................................................................
6 Strategies for employers and their
organizations
Amanda Tucker
INTRODUCTION
6.1 STRATEGIES FOR EMPLOYER ACTION
Planning for action at the national level .........................
Building alliances ............................................................
Key issues in project design ............................................
Ten steps to enhance employer action on child labour
6.2 EMPLOYER "BEST PRACTICES" ON CHILD LABOUR
Awareness-raising and policy development initiatives ......................
Employer action to combat child labour in specific sectors ..............
Direct support for the removal and rehabilitation of child workers ,
6.3 CORPORATE INITIATIVES ON CHILD LABOUR
Labelling or certification schemes.....................................................
Corporate codes of conduct...............................................................

Industry codes of conduct.................................................................................
IOE views on voluntary codes of conduct and labelling..................................
6.4 KEY LESSONS FOR FUTURE ACTION
Appendix 6.1 IOE General Council Resolution on Child Labour.................................
7 Trade unions against child labour
Satoru Tabusa
INTRODUCTION
7.1 WHY CHILD LABOUR IS A TRADE UNION ISSUE
The history and role of trade union involvement............................................
7.2 HOW TRADE UNIONS ARE FIGHTING CHILD LABOUR
Trade unions strengthen their capacity to address child labour issues............
Trade unions support children, their families and communities ....................
Trade unions raise awareness on child labour issues.........................................
Trade unions gather and disseminate data on child labour ..............................
Trade unions include child labour concerns in collective bargaining agreements...........................................................................................................
Trade unions advocate for codes of conduct.....................................................
Trade unions work in partnership with NGOs, employers' organizations and governments ..................................................................................................
The international trade union movement plays a major role ...........................
7.3 WHAT A TRADE UNION CAN DO
Ten-point action guide................................................................................
Bibliography on trade union action .......................................................................................
8 Awareness-raising
Sherin Khan
INTRODUCTION
Aspects of communication.................................................................................
Process of communication...............................................................................
8.1 THE MESSAGE
"Action against child labour can be taken now"
"Prioritize the most harmful, often invisible forms of child labour"............
"Positive action and international cooperation are needed"
"Tradition cannot justify the exploitation of children" ...................................
"Prevention is better than cure"

8.2
8.3
THE AUDIENCE
MEANS OF COMMUNICATION

8.4
THE NEED FOR A COMMUNICATION STRATEGY



Appendix 8.1 Informing the public...................................... .
Appendix 8.2 Popular theatre as an effective communications tool.....................
9 Action by community groups and NGOs
Pin Boonpala
9.1 _CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS AND CHILD LABOUR
9.2 PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE OF NGOs IN COMBATING
CHILD LABOUR____________________________
Types of NGO action
Examples of NGOs in action...................................................................
9.3LESSONS LEARNED________________________
10 Resources on child labour
INTRODUCTION_____________________________________
10.1 GENERAL PUBLICATIONS ON CHILD LABOUR_______
ILO reports for the International Labour Conference (ILC) and
Governing Body (GB).................................................................... ........
Reports of the International Programme on the Elimination of
Child Labour (IPEC) .............................................................................................
Policy studies..........................................................................................................
Information kits, training manuals and guidelines....................................... .
Audiovisual materials..............................................................................................

10.2
SPECIAL THEMES