The Work Of Strangers :A survey of international labour migration

Book : The Work Of Strangers :A survey of international labour migration

Author : * Peter Stalker

Language : English

Episode : Population

Publishing Location : Switzerland

ISBN : 92-2-108521-X

Published Date : Ocak 1994

Publisher : International Labour Office (ILO)

Document Type : Book

Book No : 2008

INDEX

CONTENTS

Foreword.
Part 1: The global picture
1. A shifting landscape
2. Ancient paths
The slave trade
Indentured labour
Mass emigration from Europe
European migration after the Second World War
Postwar migration to the traditional countries of settlement Other major postwar population movements
3. Why people move
Disparities between rich and poor countries . Population imbalances
Development disruptioN
Links between sending and receiving countries Mass communications
Family strategies
The migrant network
Recruitment
Professionals on the move
4. Costs and benefits
The population effect
Immigrant educational and skill levels . . . Employment and unemployment
Costs to public services and welfare payments Capital transfer

The work of strangers: A survey of international labour migration
5. Nations, citizens and immigrants
Citizenship
Naturalization
The rights of immigrants
6. Living together
Integration - assimilation and multiculturalism Race
Religion
Language
Education
Settlement and housing
7. Working together
Occupations
Earnings
Recruitment
Training and promotion . . . Recognition of qualifications . Dismissal and unemployment Youth
Women
Immigrant entrepreneurs . ,
8. The country left behind
Employment
The brain drain . . . Remittances
Women
Social structure . . .
9. Defending the borders
National mythology and racial exclusion. Economic influences
Refugees
Illegal immigrants
10. Reducing the pressure. .
International trade . . . Foreign direct investment The aid alternative . . .

Part II: Country experience
11. The main countries of settlement:
The United States, Canada and Australia
The United States
Canada
Australia
12. Western Europe . .
Germany.
France
The United Kingdom Switzerland
Belgium
The Netherlands . . Italy.
Spain
13. Eastern Europe and the republics of the former Soviet Union
The potential flows
Republics of the former Soviet Union.
Poland.
Other countries of Eastern Europe
14. Latin America and the Caribbean
Argentina
Brazil Venezuela . . . Central America . The Caribbean .
15. Sub-Saharan Africa.
West Africa Central Africa. . East Africa Southern Africa . .
16. The Gulf States
Phases of immigration.
Sources of labour
Contracts and working conditions

The work of strangers: A survey of international labour migration
17. Asia.
Japan
Singapore
Hong Kong
Taiwan (China)
Republic of Korea
Malaysia
Flows of skilled workers
Appendix: The global economic migration table Bibliography
Index
Box
1.1 Five major types of international migrant
Figures
2.1 Europe, migration 1846-1924
3.1 The demographic transition
4.1 Total fertility rates for nationals and foreigners,
selected OECD countries
4.2 Turkish women, fertility rates in three host countries, 1976-85 . .
4.3 United States, educational levels, 1989
6.1 United States, English-speaking ability, 1990 .........
6.2 United States, distribution of the foreign-born population, 1990 .
7.1 United States, occupations of illegal immigrants, 1987-92
7.2 Australia, employment by occupation, 1990
7.3 Foreign-born people as a percentage of all unemployed,
four OECD countries, 1986-90
7.4 United Kingdom, education of Whites and minorities, 1988-90 . .
7.5 Germany, Turkish enterprises in Berlin, 1981-85.
8.1 The Philippines, unemployment and emigration, 1980-90
8.2 Pakistan, construction workers' wages, 1970-83
8.3 United States, immigration of highly educated Asians, 1972-85 . .
8.4 Global remittance credits, 1980-89
8.5 Use of remittances, Bangladesh and Thailand
8.6 Mexico, community needs perceived by migrants and non-migrants
9.1 Asylum applications, Canada, the United States
and Western Europe, 1983-92 .
9.2 United States, family reunification

11.1 United States, immigration 1820-1992.
11.2 United States, immigration by region of last residence,
1951-60 to 1981-90
11.3 Canada, gross immigration and emigration, 1870-1990 . . . . .
11.4 Canada, sources of immigrants, 1901-90 .
11.5 Australia, permanent arrivals, departures and net gain, 1947-92. .
11.6 Australia, foreign-born population by birthplace, 1901-86 . . . .
12.1 France, foreign population, 1851-1990
12.2 United Kingdom, net immigration, 1982-91
12.3 Switzerland, economic growth and immigration, 1959-91
12.4 Belgium, nationality of major foreign groups, 1961-90
12.5 Netherlands, foreign born and descendants by
current nationality, 1991
12.6 Italy, residence permits granted to foreigners, 1980-90
12.7 Spain, registered foreigners, 1980 and 1991,
13.1 Eastern Europe, wage gaps with the West, 1990 .
14.1 Brazil, largest foreign-born groups, 1980.
15.1 Sub-Saharan Africa, principal sending and receiving countries . . 16.1 Asia to the Middle East, annual flows of migrants, 1975-89 . . .
17.1 East Asian receiving countries and areas, foreign population, 1990
17.2 Japan, net annual inflow of foreign nationals, 1975-90
17.3 Japan, illegal workers2occupations, 1989
17.4 Singapore, foreign workers and total levy, 1983-89
17.5 Hong Kong, legal and illegal immigration from China, 1970-90 . .
17.6 Taiwan (China), overstayed visitors, 1990
17.7 Republic of Korea, emigration, 1977-90
Tables
2.1 Emigration from Europe to the United States in the
nineteenth century
3.1 Projected increase in workforce by region, 1990-2000.
4.1 The world's 20 "oldest" countries, 1992
4.2 United States, the impact of immigrants on native earnings . . 5.1 Naturalizations in selected OECD countries, 1988-90. 6.1 Canada, home languages, 1991
8.1 Jamaica, loss of health personnel,1978-85
8.2 Workers'remittances in selected countries, 1980-89
8.3 Thailand, migrant and non-migrant households
9.1 Amnesties for illegal immigrants, selected countries and areas . 10.1 Employment in foreign-based multinationals, selected countries
11.1 United States, sources and destinations of immigrants, 1991 . .
11.2 United States, largest ancestry groups, 1990

The work of strangers: A survey of international labour migration
11.3 Canada, entry by immigration class, 1988-92
11.4 Canada, sources of immigrants, 1992
11.5 Australia, settler arrivals, 1991-92
11.6 Australia, top ten source countries or areas of birth, 1991-92 . .
12.1 Foreign resident population in Western Europe, 1950-90 . . .
12.2 Sources of foreign residents in selected Western European
countries, 1990
12.3 Asylum applications in the main receiving countries
in Europe, 1983-92
12.4 Ethnic Germans migrating to Germany, 1988-91
12.5 United Kingdom, ethnic minorities, 1981-90
12.6 Netherlands, immigration of aliens, 1991
13.1 Distribution of ethnic groups in republics of the former
Soviet Union, 1989 Census
13.2 Russian Federation, international migration, January-June 1992
14.1 Latin America and the Caribbean, immigrant and
emigrant stocks, 1950-85
14.2 Argentina, employment of immigrants from Bolivia, Chile
and Paraguay, 1980
14.3 Venezuela, foreign-born population, 1971 and 1981
15.1 Sub-Saharan Africa, foreign-born populations
16.1 Immigrant workers in the Gulf, 1975-90
17.1 Japan, registered foreign population, 1989 .