Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Book : Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health

Author : * --

Language : English

Episode : Health-Safety-Environment

Publishing Location : Danimarka

ISSN : 0355-3140

Skin : 26-1

Period : bimonthly

Published Date : 2000

Publisher : Finnish Institute of Occupational Health

Document Type : Periodical

Book No : 1420

INDEX

CONTENTS - volume 26, suppl 1, 2000
Preface Abbreviations
5 Particles in the ambient atmosphere
Areskoug H
5 Physical and chemical characteristics
5 Particle-size distribution
6 Chemical composition
7 Particle size as a function of relative humidity
8 Measurementmethods
8 Gravimetric PMIO samplers
8 Direct-reading PM10 samplers
9 TEOM9sampler
9 Other particle-sampling methods
9 BS sampler
10 Coefficient of haze
10 Conversion to PM,0 from other particulate
measures
10 Main sources of particulate matter
10 Naturalsources
11 Anthropogenic sources of primary particles
11 Emissions from mobile sources
12 Emissions from stationary combustion
13 Industrial processes
13 Dust from construction sources
13 Summary of emission estimates for primary
particles
14 Sources of secondary particulate matter
14 Long-range transport
14 Ambient concentrations
14 Roof level (urban background) PM,0
concentrations
15 Street level PM10 concentrations
15 PM10and black smoke in northern Sweden
16 Comparison with guidelines and limit values
16 Rural background PM10 concentrations
16 Seasonal variation
16 Comparison with PM)0 concentrations in other
countries
17 PM25 concentrations
17 Time trends of PM10
18 Futuretrends
18 Humanexposure
19 Ultrafine particles
20 Summary and concluding remarks
21 References

CONTENTS
(contunued from back cover)


23 Deposition and clearance of particles in the human lung
'Lastbom L, Camner P
23 Deposition
23 Tracheobronchial and bronchiolar clearance
23 Mucociliary clearance
24 Cough
25 Alveolar clearance
25 Summary and concluding remarks
26 Acknowledgments
26 References
28 Experimental studies on the effects of diesel exhaust emissions
Sydbom A, Dahlen S-E
28 Inflammation in lung and airways
28 In vivo studies
28 Rat
29 Studies of developing lung in the rat
29 Studies in animals with experimental
lung disease
30 Mouse
30 Guinea pig
30 Cat
30 Monkey
30 In vitro studies
31 Allergy, immunology and related mechanisms
31 In vivo studies
31 Humans
32 Rat and mouse
33 In vitro studies
33 Human cells
34 Rat
34 Rabbit
34 Cardiovascular effects
35 Summary and concluding remarks
36 Acknowledgments
36 References
39 Experimental studies on the effects of ultrafine particles
Lastbom L. Camner P
39 Heated perfluoropolymers
40 Aggregates of ultrafine particles
41 Single ultrafine soluble particles
41 Summary and concluding remarks

41 Acknowledgments
42 References
43 Human experimental studies on the effects of inhaled particles
Lastbom L, Camner P
43 Acid particles
43 Effects on lung function
43 Combined effect of acid aerosols and other
pollutants
44 Effects on mucociliary clearance
44 Effects on bronchoalveolar lavage
44 Diesel and other vehicle exhaust
46 Number or mass as a dose measure
46 Summary and concluding remarks
47 Acknowledgments
47 References
49 Epidemiologic studies on the health effects of ambient paniculate air pollution
Nyberg F. Pershagen G
50 Time-series studies of variations in mortality
54 Studies in the United States
55 Studies in Europe
55 Other studies
55 Methodological issues
60 Evaluation
60 Time-series studies of hospital admissions and
outpatient visits
60 Hospital admissions
60 Studies in the United States
60 Studies in Canada
60 Studies in Europe
61 Outpatient visits
61 Evaluation
63 Lung function changes and respiratory
symptoms
63 Lung function changes and symptoms in
healthy children
63 Lung function
68 Symptoms
69 Lung function changes and symptoms in
healthy adults
69 Lung function changes, symptoms and
symptom exacerbation in subjects with
respiratory disease
69 Lung function
70 Symptoms

CONTENTS
(contunued from page 96)


70 Evaluation
71 Miscellaneous health effects in relation to
medium-term exposure
76 Evaluation
76 Health effects of long-term exposure
76 Cross-sectional studies
76 Mortality
76 Respiratory symptoms or disease
77 Lung function
78 Case-referent studies and cohort studies
79 Evaluation
80 Summary and concluding remarks
81 References
88 Appendix: Recalculation of regression estimates
to a common metric

90 Health risk evaluation of particles in ambient
air
90 Exposure
90 Sources and air concentrations
90 Deposition and clearance
91 Health effects
91 Short-term effects
91 Experimental studies
91 Epidemiology
92 Long-term effects
92 Animal experiments
92 Epidemiology
93 Evaluation
93 Quantitative risk assessment
94 Proposed health-based guideline
94 References